How to Test Cholesterol – HealthyWomen

Having excessive ldl cholesterol can result in coronary heart illness or stroke.

There are three sorts of ldl cholesterol 

  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or “dangerous” ldl cholesterol

  • Excessive-density lipoprotein (HDL) or “good” ldl cholesterol

  • Triglycerides (kind of fats in your blood)

Collectively, they make up your complete ldl cholesterol. 

Components for complete ldl cholesterol = LDL + HDL + 20% triglycerides 

Know your numbers

There aren’t any signs for prime ldl cholesterol. The one approach to know is to get your numbers checked with ldl cholesterol screening.

The CDC’s optimum ldl cholesterol stage suggestions for individuals assigned feminine at start:

  • LDL ldl cholesterol: about 100 mg/dL

  • HDL ldl cholesterol: ≥50 mg/dL

  • Triglycerides: <150 mg/dL

  • Whole ldl cholesterol: about 150 mg/dL

Excessive ldl cholesterol = complete ldl cholesterol above 200 mg/dL

Round 2 in 5 American adults have complete ldl cholesterol above 200 mg/dL.

When to get screened

Folks assigned feminine at start ought to get their ldl cholesterol checked:

20–54 Each 5 years

55–65 Each 1–2 years

65+ Yearly 

Threat elements for prime ldl cholesterol

  • Lack of train

  • Consuming a food plan excessive in saturated and trans fats and sugar

  • Smoking

  • Ingesting an excessive amount of alcohol 

  • Having well being situations like continual kidney illness, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, hypothyroidism and lupus 

  • Genetics and household historical past 

  • Sure drugs 

  • Being 40 years or older 

Though individuals over 40 are at greater danger of creating excessive ldl cholesterol, it could possibly occur at any age. 

Estrogen impacts ldl cholesterol 

Estrogen offers safety towards coronary heart illness by decreasing blood triglycerides and LDL ldl cholesterol, and growing HDL ldl cholesterol.  

Altering estrogen ranges in the course of the menstrual cycle can increase and decrease your levels of cholesterol.

Throughout perimenopause and menopause, decrease quantities of estrogen improve triglycerides, LDL and complete levels of cholesterol, growing your danger of coronary heart illness. 

Excessive ranges of estrogen throughout being pregnant and with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) may cause greater LDL and triglycerides. 

The best way to get screened

Your healthcare supplier (HCP) can provide you a ldl cholesterol screening take a look at, additionally referred to as a lipid panel or lipid profile, by taking a blood pattern from you. 

You’ll probably be requested to quick or not eat for 12 hours earlier than the take a look at.

The take a look at is fast and comparatively painless, and the outcomes will present your ranges for the three forms of ldl cholesterol plus complete ldl cholesterol. 

1 blood take a look at = four outcomes

Don’t delay — speak to your HCP about ldl cholesterol screening as we speak!

This useful resource was created with assist from Amgen, a HealthyWomen Company Advisory Council member.

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